CNS depressants slow down brain and body operations. The formation of a drug addiction occurs over time when an individual consumes a specific medication repeatedly. There are 6 types of drug addiction depending on the type of substance being abused. These include alcohol, cannabis, hallucinogens, cocaine, opioids and sedatives.
Drug use that leads to dependence can come from legal and illegal substances. Prescription pain relievers are common sources of drug dependence, even when used as directed. Alcohol and, in some states, marijuana are two addictive substances that are legal to buy and consume, even if you know they can create a dependency. Alcohol is the most commonly used drug in the world and has a negative impact on the functioning of the brain and body.
A person may choose to drink to feel the depressive effects of alcohol, which slow down the central nervous system and reduce the amount of anxious or stressful thoughts that occur. It is also common to consume alcohol as a form of self-medication for other mental illnesses. When dependency is broken, people can experience extreme mood swings, tremors, and even hallucinations. The fact that an entire epidemic is named after a drug demonstrates how dependent those who use opioids on the drug become.
Prescription pain relievers, such as oxycodone, block pain signals sent by the brain to create a state of euphoria. The feeling is highly addictive and leads people to seek illegal opioids if they become addicted during an expired prescription. This type also includes hypnotics known as barbiturates, while sedatives are called benzodiazepines. Hypnotics are used for sleep disorders because they reduce the user's brain activity.
Sedatives, or benzos, interact with different neurotransmitters to achieve similar effects but with different means. Both hypnotics and sedatives are addictive and can cause overdose as tolerance increases. The active ingredient in marijuana is tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC. THC interacts with the brain to create a sense of euphoria while limiting other functions, such as decision-making and conversational skills.
Cannabis products are one of the most abused substances in the world, but they also have some of the lowest risks of developing a dependency. LSD, DMT and psilocybin are hallucinogens that are used for recreational purposes to alter an individual's perception of reality. Because of the change in perception, users often experience sensations and visions that are not real, but that may expose them to new ways of thinking. While these medications have a lower risk of overdose and addiction compared to others, they pose a greater risk of long-term psychological effects if overused.
Other stimulants, such as methamphetamine, may be considered in this category. Stimulants, such as cocaine, can be ingested in multiple ways and activate pleasure transmitters in the brain that are often used to reward us. Cocaine use decreases the natural activity of these transmitters, leading to a total loss of pleasure once consumption is stopped due to dependence. The strong effects and ease of use make cocaine easy to overdose.
Ending drug addiction can be dangerous to do it alone. Serious cases of drug abuse over a long period of time can lead a user to be completely dependent on a substance to function in any capacity. The first step to take is to stop showing excessive drug and alcohol use as a sign of success or fun. Reducing the social pressure a person feels when using drugs or drinking helps both adults and children avoid using drugs or drinking for the first time.
Stimulants, or “top products” impact the body's central nervous system (CNS), making the user feel like they're “accelerating.”. These medications increase the user's level of alertness, increasing heart rate, blood pressure, respiration, and blood glucose levels. Doctors mainly prescribe stimulants for ADHD and narcolepsy. Medications can also help you lose weight, because they can reduce your appetite.
Stimulant abuse can occur at school or university when students want to improve their performance in school or in sports. Stimulants often come in pill form, but they are also consumed by inhalation or even as food or drink. For example, caffeine is found in many beverages and cocaine is a powder that is inhaled. Like stimulants, depressants also affect the body's CNS, but with the opposite effect, they make users feel like things are “slowing down”.
Therefore, they are often called “depressing on the street”. Doctors prescribe some depressants for anxiety, insomnia, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and other medical problems that prevent the patient from fully relaxing. These medications often offer a sedative experience, making them a tempting option for teens and adults who want to escape daily stress. Hallucinogens are a class of drugs that alter a person's perception of reality.
They work by interrupting brain activity, affecting mood, sensory perception and muscle control. They can be made synthetically or can be found naturally. Dissociatives distort the user's perception of reality and cause people to “dissociate” or feel that they see themselves from outside their own body. They may acquire a false sense of invincibility and then engage in risky behavior, such as driving under the influence of alcohol or having unprotected sex.
Composed primarily of everyday household items, these medications cause brief feelings of euphoria. As the name suggests, inhalants are always inhaled in the form of gases or fumes. “Euphorizers” differ slightly between inhalants, but most people who abuse inhalants are willing to inhale any substance they may consume. .