What are the 3 main categories of addictive drugs?

Gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) is a depressant approved for use in the treatment of narcolepsy, a disorder that causes daytime sleep attacks. Drugs that cause profound distortions in a person's perception of reality, such as ketamine, LSD, mescaline (peyote), PCP, psilocybin, sage and ayahuasca. For more information, see the Research Report on Hallucinogens and Dissociative Drugs. Opioid medication made with morphine, a natural substance extracted from the pod of several opium poppy plants.

For more information, see the Heroin Research Report. Pain relievers with a heroin-like origin. Opioids can cause euphoria and are often used non-medically, leading to deaths due to overdose. For more information, see the Prescription Drug Misuse Research Report.

Barbiturates, benzodiazepines, and hypnotics are prescription central nervous system depressants. They are often used and misused in search of a sense of relaxation or the desire to disconnect or forget stress-related thoughts or feelings. Stimulants often come in pill form, but they are also consumed by inhalation or even as food and drink. For example, caffeine is found in many beverages and cocaine is a powder that is inhaled.

Both legal drugs and controlled substances can be sources of addiction. In general, addictive drugs can be classified as stimulants, depressants, hallucinogens, or opioids. These four drug classifications separate substances according to the way they interact with the brain and alter a person's mentality and behavior. As with all the substances we've talked about so far, staying sober due to an addiction to hallucinogens requires professional addiction treatment in a treatment center.

Because of the severe consequences experienced by many people who use cocaine, it is imperative that those with cocaine addiction receive professional treatment for addiction. While they don't produce the same euphoric “high” as other addictive substances, frequent use of anabolic steroids can lead to addiction. Additional treatment at an inpatient rehabilitation center or in an outpatient program can address the psychological impact of an addiction to sleeping pills. People seeking to treat amphetamine addiction should do so through professional addiction treatment services with medical care.

Because of how addictive cocaine is, many people who are addicted to it are willing to sacrifice any facet of their lives to get more of it. Talk to your primary care doctor or see a mental health professional, such as a doctor who specializes in addiction medicine or addiction psychiatry, or a licensed alcohol and drug counselor. Severe alcohol withdrawal symptoms, combined with how difficult it is for an alcoholic to abstain from using such an easily accessible substance, make it necessary for alcoholics to receive professional addiction treatment to overcome their addiction. When an addict has symptoms of emotional addiction, the way they handle emotions may seem different from the way a person normally does when they are not under the influence of drugs.

Your loved one's addiction has left you struggling with the negative physical, emotional, social, spiritual and mental impacts of your addiction. Because of the severity of crack withdrawal symptoms, it is imperative that people with a crack addiction receive professional treatment for addiction. .

Joanna Yanoff
Joanna Yanoff

Evil travel trailblazer. Certified food specialist. Extreme coffee maven. Avid zombie nerd. Devoted food junkie.

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